The MITRE ATT&CK framework (Adversarial Tactics, Techniques, and Common Knowledge) is a knowledge base used for describing the actions and behavior of cyber adversaries. It's essentially a detailed map of the life cycle of cyberattacks, outlining the different ways attackers can seek to compromise, exploit, and damage IT environments.

The key components of the MITRE ATT&CK Framework are:

  1. Tactics: These represent the "why" of an attack – the adversary's objective. Tactics correspond to different phases of an adversary's attack lifecycle, such as initial access, persistence, execution, privilege escalation, defense evasion, credential access, discovery, lateral movement, exfiltration, collection, and impact.
  2. Techniques: These represent "how" an adversary achieves their tactic objective. For each tactic, there are multiple techniques that could be employed. For instance, under the tactic "initial access," techniques might include spear-phishing via email, exploiting public-facing applications, or using valid accounts.
  3. Sub-techniques: These are variations or more specific forms of techniques. They provide an even more detailed view of how an adversary might achieve their objective.
  4. Procedures: These are the specific ways in which adversaries implement the techniques. They can be thought of as real-world examples or case studies of techniques in action.
  5. Mitigations: These are recommendations to counteract or reduce the impact of a technique. For each technique listed, the framework provides potential mitigations to help security professionals better defend their systems.
  6. Detection: For each technique or sub-technique, there's also advice on how one might detect that it's happening or has happened.

Benefits of the MITRE ATT&CK Framework

Threat Modeling

Organizations can use the framework to more thoroughly understand potential threat scenarios against their infrastructure.

Enhanced Incident Response

By aligning real-world incidents to the ATT&CK matrix, responders can have a structured way to categorize and respond to threats.

Improved Red and Blue Teaming

The matrix can be used for emulating adversarial behaviors (red teaming) and enhancing detection capabilities (blue teaming).

Security Posture Assessment

Organizations can evaluate their defensive measures against the listed techniques to find potential areas of improvement.

How Does the MITRE ATT&CK Framework Help Enterprises?

The MITRE ATT&CK Framework, when paired with a comprehensive cybersecurity platform, helps enterprises to create their approach to cyber threats and breaches using proven methods and workflows. By investigating the early-stage tactics used by adversaries, enterprises can mitigate attacks more efficiently and effectively to ensure their networks remain secure.


NETSCOUT’S Omnis Cyber Intelligence (OCI) and Omnis CyberStream form a comprehensive, cost-effective, highly scalable NDR solution that easily integrates with popular Security Incident and Event Management (SIEM) platforms, such as Splunk. This empowers the solution to effectively coordinate with existing security stacks, allowing enterprises to improve their security defenses while addressing several tactics outlined in the MITRE ATT&CK framework.

MITRE ATT&CK Tactics Addressed by OCI

Omnis Cyber Intelligence and CyberStream address several tactics in the MITRE ATT&CK Framework. Here are the 9 tactical categories addressed by OCI:

Why Is It Important to Cover These Bases?

The tactics adversaries use can be combated with the right cybersecurity stack and capable cyber professionals. Adversaries are clever, and it is up to enterprises to be one step ahead of them to ensure they keep their networks safe and secure. While breaches are an unfortunate, inevitable truth, following the MITRE ATT&CK framework can help you quickly and effectively remove adversaries from your networks to minimize damage.

The MITRE ATT&CK framework stands as a trusted and comprehensive guideline for understanding and countering cyber adversaries' modus operandi. It meticulously catalogs the life cycle of cyberattacks, detailing adversaries' objectives, methodologies, and the varied techniques they might employ at each stage. By integrating this framework with robust cybersecurity solutions like NETSCOUT's Omnis Cyber Intelligence and CyberStream, enterprises can fortify their defenses, anticipate threats, and respond adeptly to potential security breaches. Embracing the MITRE ATT&CK framework isn't just about countering current threats, but about evolving with a constantly changing digital threat landscape. In the high-stakes realm of cybersecurity, staying informed, vigilant, and adaptive with tools like the MITRE ATT&CK can make the difference between a minor setback and a significant breach.