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Key Metrics from the 2H 2020 NETSCOUT Threat Intelligence Report

As the COVID-19 pandemic triggered a massive shift in internet usage, cybercriminals quickly pounced, launching more than 10 million DDoS attacks aimed at crippling the very online services essential to remote work and online life. Vital pandemic industries such as ecommerce, streaming services, online learning, and healthcare all experienced increased attention from malicious actors, including those behind the Lazarus Bear Armada campaign of DDoS extortion attacks that hit thousands of companies worldwide. As the COVID-19 pandemic extends into 2021, we can logically expect to see threat actors targeting vulnerabilities exposed by the global crisis as well as discovering and using new attack vectors that poke at the weak spots of our new normal.

Impact Analysis

This was a record-breaking year for DDoS attacks—and that has to have an impact on global infrastructure, since DDoS attackers don’t pay for transit costs. Instead, that cost is generally passed down to everyone who uses the internet. So we continued to dig into the details of how much traffic on the global internet is due solely to DDoS attacks by calculating the DDoS Attack Coefficient (DAC). This measurement illustrates the continual presence of DDoS traffic across all regions. In essence, it shows the “DDoS tax” that we all end up paying.

Bandwidth Impact Percentage Change

July 43.9 Mpps, August 13.3 Mpps, September 12.6 Mpps, October 7.6 Mpps, November 13.3 Mpps, December 16.3 Mpps

Throughput Impact Percentage Change

July 167.2 Gbps, August 78.5 Gbps, September 30.9 Gbps, October 42.1 Gbps, November 52.3 Gbps, December 61.6 Gbps

Top Ten Vertical Industries Under Attack

The following industry chart shows the most targeted sectors in 2020 by number of attacks.

Rank Vertical Frequency Max Attack Max Impact Average Duration
cell phone icon Wireless Telecommunications Carriers
1,984 11.4 Gbps 1.0 Mpps 48.5 Minutes
radio icon Internet Publishing, Broadcasting + Web Search Portals
159 4.5 Gbps 0.4 Mpps 279.1 Minutes
cloud icon with up arrow Data Processing, Hosting + Related Services
128 2.2 Gbps 1.5 Mpps 59.2 Minutes
Wired Telecommunications Resellers icon Wired Telecommunications Carriers
50 1.0 Gbps 0.2 Mpps 29.6 Minutes
lightbulb icon Electrical Apparatus + Equipment, Wiring Supplies, + Related Equipment Merchant Wholesalers
15 1.0 Gbps 0.2 Mpps 33.5 Minutes
Checklist icon Process Physical Distribution + Logistics Consulting Services
10 0.4 Gbps 0.03 Mpps 31.2 Minutes
saw icon Hardware Merchant Wholesalers
9 9.5 Gbps 0.9 Mpps 13.3 Minutes
Satellite Communications icon Satellite Telecommunications
6 0.5 Gbps 0.1 Mpps 59.2 Minutes
tractor trailer icon Couriers + Express Delivery Services
3 0.2 Gbps 0.01 Mpps 125.7 Minutes
Hands in Prayer Religious Org icon Religious Organizations
3 0.1 Gbps 0.01 Mpps 38.0 Minutes


Top Five Username + Password Combinations

root/xc3511 - 193; guest/12345 - 189; admin/admin - 104; root/vizxv - 101; root/root - 82

Top Exploits

Exploit Name EDB-ID
/ctrlt/DeviceUpgrade_1 Huawei Router 45991
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