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Key Metrics from the 2H 2020 NETSCOUT Threat Intelligence Report

As the COVID-19 pandemic triggered a massive shift in internet usage, cybercriminals quickly pounced, launching more than 10 million DDoS attacks aimed at crippling the very online services essential to remote work and online life. Vital pandemic industries such as ecommerce, streaming services, online learning, and healthcare all experienced increased attention from malicious actors, including those behind the Lazarus Bear Armada campaign of DDoS extortion attacks that hit thousands of companies worldwide. As the COVID-19 pandemic extends into 2021, we can logically expect to see threat actors targeting vulnerabilities exposed by the global crisis as well as discovering and using new attack vectors that poke at the weak spots of our new normal.

Impact Analysis

This was a record-breaking year for DDoS attacks—and that has to have an impact on global infrastructure, since DDoS attackers don’t pay for transit costs. Instead, that cost is generally passed down to everyone who uses the internet. So we continued to dig into the details of how much traffic on the global internet is due solely to DDoS attacks by calculating the DDoS Attack Coefficient (DAC). This measurement illustrates the continual presence of DDoS traffic across all regions. In essence, it shows the “DDoS tax” that we all end up paying.

Bandwidth Impact Percentage Change

July 83.7 Mpps, August 43.8 Mpps, September 34.2 Mpps, October 77.9 Mpps, November 70.2 Mpps, December 167.7 Mpps

Throughput Impact Percentage Change

July 378.6 Gbps, August 199.9 Gbps, September 300.5 Gbps, October 420.5 Gbps, November 510.8 Gbps, December 381.4 Gbps

Top Ten Vertical Industries Under Attack

The following industry chart shows the most targeted sectors in 2020 by number of attacks.

Rank Vertical Frequency Max Attack Max Impact Average Duration
Wired Telecommunications Resellers icon Wired Telecommunications Carriers
12,760 89.3 Gbps 14.9 Mpps 37.4 Minutes
Laptop, tablet, and mobile phone icon Electronic Stores
1,291 32.1 Gbps 3.2 Mpps 36.0 Minutes
shopping cart icon Electronic Shopping + Mail-Order Houses
782 66.5 Gbps 14.1 Mpps 31.6 Minutes
laptop icon Electronic Computer Manufacturing
701 11.3 Gbps 21.2 Mpps 53.1 Minutes
cloud icon with up arrow Data Processing, Hosting + Related Services
626 45.9 Gbps 4.6 Mpps 45.1 Minutes
electronic chip icon Other Electronic Component Manufacturing
522 16.8 Gbps 1.5 Mpps 17.2 Minutes
cell phone icon Wireless Telecommunications Carriers
204 20.5 Gbps 1.9 Mpps 47.3 Minutes
radio icon Internet Publishing, Broadcasting + Web Search Portals
27 0.6 Gbps 0.06 Mpps 77.9 Minutes
Telecomm Tower icon Other Telecommunications
12 0.2 Gbps 0.4 Mpps 35.7 Minutes
calculator icon Other Commercial + Service Industry Machinery Manufacturing
11 0.02 Gbps 0.04 Mpps 31.3 Minutes


Top Five Username + Password Combinations

guest/12345 - 5669; root/xc3511 - 5155; admin/admin - 4536; root/vizxv - 3993; root/root - 3360

Top Exploits

Exploit Name EDB-ID
/picsdesc.xml Realtex SDK — Miniigd UPnP SOAP 37169
/ctrlt/DeviceUpgrade_1 Huawei Router 45991
/setup.cgi Netgear Remote Code Execution 43055
/GponForm/diag_Form Dasan GPON home routers -----
/ws/v1/cluster/apps Hadoop YARN ResourceManager 45025
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